Health Effects from Gas Stove Pollution by Physicians for Social Responsibility
Summary: This report presents scientific evidence that gas stoves release several hazardous pollutants, notably nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide, that can lead to respiratory, neurological, and cardiovascular effects, as well as increased risks of cancer and birth defects.
Health Impacts of Combustion in Homes by American Lung Association
Summary: This literature review collected scientific studies on appliances using combustion to create energy and found an increase in worsening asthma symptoms in children and other vulnerable population.
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning by Center for Disease Control
Summary: This FAQ section discusses the dangers of carbon monoxide, a potentially fatal odorless, colorless gas produced anytime a fuel is burned on stoves, grills, lanterns, fireplaces, and gas ranges. Carbon monoxide can build up indoors without proper ventilation and poison people and animals that breathe it.
Natural Gas Used in Homes Contains Hazardous Air Pollutants by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
Summary: This hazard identification study quantified air pollutant levels in nearly 70 kitchens and found that even when stoves and ovens aren’t on, toxic chemicals are leaking into our homes. The results from this study also highlight that gas leaks occur throughout gas distribution systems – in gas pipes all over our neighborhoods and cities.
Summary: This study quantified the particulate matter exposure caused by various sectors and measured each sector’s impact across income, race, and state. The results show that not only do PM2.5 exposures disproportionately expose POC in every sector type/state/city, but that residential gas combustion and commercial cooking are one of the largest contributors to disparities disproportionately affecting POC.
Natural Gas and Propane Fires, Explosions, and Leaks Estimates and Incident Descriptions by the National Fire Protection Association
Summary: This 2018 report summarizes fire safety hazards posed by gas in the U.S. An estimated average of 4,200 home structure fires per year started with the ignition of natural gas. These fires caused an average of 40 deaths per year. The statistics, incident descriptions from NFPA publications and reports from the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) show that most major gas incidents involved some type of leak. In the U.S., local fire departments respond to an average of 340 natural gas or LP-Gas leaks per day with no ignition. Although gas leaks are much more common than gas ignitions, they can be precursors to devastating events. Since 2007, these incidents have generally been increasing.