The Crisis

Trends in homeless subpopulations in Alameda County, 2007-2017

Homelessness in Oakland is a crisis. Between 2015 and 2017, the number of homeless individuals in the City of Oakland increased by 26 percent, and we are not alone: California accounts for 50 percent of the nation's homeless population.There are many reasons behind these staggering statistics. Skyrocketing housing costs, a housing inventory deficit, and a decrease in state funding are all contributing forces.

Place of residence at time of housing loss county comparison

Self-reported data compiled by EveryOne Home, which provides Alameda County’s road map for ending homelessness, shows that the vast majority of people who are homeless in Alameda County – 82 percent – are not visitors but our own neighbors who lived here before they became homeless.

Total homeless count population by race

Data also shows a disproportionate number of homeless individuals in the City of Oakland - nearly 70 percent - are Black/African American.

Elimination of redevelopment & loss of state bond funding for housing foreshadowed a 36 percent rise in homelessness in 2016-2017

In the past decade, the Bay Area added one unit of housing for every eight jobs created, and very little of the housing built was subsidized enough to help people in need.

While the homeless population is rising, the federal government has decreased its financial support for emergency shelter strategies and Gov. Jerry Brown eliminated redevelopment funding in 2011 – the primary funding source cities used to build affordable housing.

Oakland and Alameda County voters approved local bond measures in 2016 for affordable housing production and acquisition but the affordable housing deficit will take years to overcome.

2017 Homeless Census Survey results infographic
2017 Homeless Census Survey results infographic